Joan Tanenhaus highlights some of the new features of the iPad Pro and iOS 11 that are tailor-made for users with special needs.

In 2010, Apple announced the first iPad, changing forever both technology and education. It followed with the iPad 2 (and the addition of the camera), the iPad Mini, the iPad Air, and then in 2013, the revolutionary iOS 7, which brought switch access and many other accessibility features to the special needs population. In 2015, the 12.9-inch iPad Pro appeared, followed quickly by the smaller 9.7-inch version in 2016 and then the 10.5 iPad Pro in 2017. And now, in 2018, we also have iOS 11. It’s been an amazing seven years watching the iPad phenomena grow stronger, changing how we teach and how students learn, watching its impact on different learning styles — always anticipating how it will change our world in the future.

This review of the new 10.5 iPad Pro and iOS 11 will focus on how these products are working together to provide a foundation for the growth of learning and how they offer new capabilities for those with special needs.

iPad Pro

The iPad Pro 10.5 and 12.9.

The most obvious differences in the 10.5 iPad Pro from previous iPads are its screen size, its resolution and its speed. The 10.5 iPad Pro is only slightly physically larger than the iPad Air — 9.8 inches in height (iPad Air is 9.4 inches), 6.8 inches wide (iPad Air is 6.6 inches), depth is only .24 inch (whereas iPad Air depth is .29 inch) and both weigh 1.03 pounds (467 grams). Although the body of the iPads remain close in size, the screen size shows a greater difference — due in part to the reduction in the size of the side bezels which are 40 per cent smaller. The difference from iPad Air’s diagonal screen of 9.7” to the new 10.5” makes the screen, the icons, the on-screen keyboard, etc. just bigger enough to make the overall experience significantly better, both visually and motor-wise.

In addition to the increased physical size, there are significant enhancements to the display. The 10.5 with a resolution of 2224 x 1668 has about 20 per cent more pixels than the 9.7 iPad Pro. There is greater brightness, ‘True tone’ technology for greater colour accuracy, and Apple’s new custom anti-reflective coating. In addition, the new ‘ProMotion’ technology lets the iPad refresh twice as often, which leads to smooth transitions and clear screens when scrolling. ‘ProMotion’ also adapts the refresh rate of the screen depending on what you’re doing. Movies don’t need as high a refresh rate, but when using the Apple Pencil for writing and drawing, you need the higher refresh rate so that there is no lag in the display. As for power, the new 10.5 iPad has an A10X Fusion CPU chip, which enhances both speed and performance. The best way to see and understand these display, size and performance differences is to view the two iPads side by side. The differences are even more apparent that way.

There are many other major advancements in the 10.5 iPad Pro. The camera is 12 megapixel OIS-enabled and capable of taking and editing 4K video. The front-facing camera has been upgraded to a seven-megapixel sensor with 1080p HD video recording. The iPad Pro has dual microphones and four speakers, with a headphone jack on the top and a Lightning connector on the bottom, along with a second-generation fingerprint identity sensor built into the Home button.

Three very unique accessories for the iPad Pro models are:

Apple Pencil and Smart Keyboard, available for purchase separately, bring breakthrough levels of precision and utility to iPad Pro.

  • Smart Connector: This port, found only on the iPad Pro, is a power and data connection that allows accessories to attach to the iPad Pro. These accessories do not require batteries, do not have to be charged and do not have to be paired. Just connect and they are recognised by the iPad.
  • The Smart Keyboard: This keyboard attaches to the iPad Pro through the Smart Connector. It’s a full-sized keyboard, requiring no batteries, no charging and no cables. You just open the Smart Cover, it attaches itself magnetically and you’re ready to start typing.
  • The Apple Pencil: The Apple Pencil is a Bluetooth digital stylus with pressure sensors that allows you to press harder to draw thicker lines or to press lightly for thin lines (and anything in between). You can use it for note-taking, drawing and art, annotating, signing forms, etc. and it also supports basic navigational tapping and swiping. Use it like a conventional stylus, a pencil or a sophisticated art tool (and everything in between).

The Smart Connector, The Smart Keyboard and The Apple Pencil will be reviewed in detail in a follow-up article which will appear in Special World in the near future.

iOS 11

The Control Center can be found by swiping up from the bottom of any screen on the iPad or iPhone The new enhanced Dock is shown below.

With the release of iOS 11, the iPad Pro became an even better tool for advanced computer productivity. While the iPad Air may still be the tablet of choice for younger children, the iPad Pro could be what they need as they enter high school and college and master word processing, data base, spreadsheet and presentation software, file management, complex video presentations, note-taking, etc.

The following are some new features of iOS 11 that enhance all compatible Apple tablets, while also providing improved accessibility for those with special needs.  (For a list of Apple tablets that can be upgraded to iOS 11, see Apple at

  • New Control Center: The Control Center can be found by swiping up from the bottom of any screen on the iPad. It lets you have instant access to many common settings and apps even from the lock screen. With iOS 11, you are now able to customise many of these options: add apps, delete apps and make changes in many, all without going to Settings. For example, you can now add Notes to the Control Center, access it if you want from the Lock Screen, and then use it with an on-screen keyboard, the Smart Keyboard, speech recognition, or pencil/stylus/handwriting with touch, all without unlocking your device. You can turn on the flashlight and change brightness level. See below for information on which accessibility features can be placed in the Control Center, and for more detailed information on customising and using the enhanced Control Center, see
  • New Dock: The new dock for iPad can now contain anywhere from 11-15 apps depending on the size of the iPad. No need to return to the Home screen first in order to see it, because now the dock can be viewed from any screen (even while in an app-by swiping up from the bottom) or with a new keyboard shortcut (Command + Option + D) on a connected hardware keyboard, like the Smart Keyboard. The new dock is split into two parts. You can add your own apps to the left side so that you can easily find, access and launch the apps you use most frequently, and from anywhere you are on the iPad. The right side of the dock contains three apps — these are usually the last three you have used and they are added automatically. For more customisation options, see:
  • Files Folder: The Files folder is a main folder on your iPad and is meant to organise all your documents from various locations on your device as well as locations such as Dropbox, iCloud Drive, Google Drive, OneDrive, etc. and to enhance and speed up file sharing. It is designed to help users manage, edit and share data. There is a wide range of viewing options, and you open a file by tapping it, or you can press and hold to see other options such as rename, share, tag, etc. The drag and drop features of iOS 11 allow you to organise files easily — for example, you can drag items directly from Dropbox into the Files Folder. This ability to organise, access and easily use files from other Cloud locations will greatly increase the ability to use the iPad for all academic tasks and for access to all resources that students need as they go from high school to college and beyond — and as they move from classroom to home and back to classroom, and in the future, from work to home as well. For more detailed information about file sharing and how to use the new Files Folder, see

Split View, true multi-tasking, lets you use two apps simultaneously in real time.

  • Multitasking: There are several different types of multitasking: Slide Over lets you have a second app on the left or right side of the screen that you can view as you are working with your main app. Split View, true multi-tasking, lets you use two apps simultaneously in real time. Picture-in-Picture lets you work with one app while also allowing a video to run at the same time. The video plays in a floating window at a corner of the iPad screen. Only certain video apps support Picture in Picture and only certain iPads can use the different types of multitasking. iPads that run iOS 10 or later have access to multitasking, but each model has a different level of support depending on screen size and RAM. For more detailed information, see
  • Drag and Drop Multitasking: This new feature lets you drag and drop text, photos, and files from one app to another, one more major step in making the iPad Pro an important productivity device. For example, to use Split View multitasking, you can add a second app to the one you are using by dragging it out of the Dock and dropping it to the far left or right side of the screen. The app you are using first will move to the side, making room for the second app. You can also place an app into Slide Over mode by dragging its icon to a more central area of the screen and letting it go. On the 10.5 and the 12.9 (because of the larger screens) you can drop and drag a third app and have all three active at the same time. Another thing you can now do is to drag text from one note in Notes to a different note, and also across apps to another app. If you’re in Split Mode, just drag from one side and drop on the other. You can even use multi-touch to hold one selection and pick another. For more information on how to take advantage of multitasking and drag and drop features of iOS 11 on your iPad Pro, see:

The new enhanced on-screen QuickType Keyboard.

  • Keyboard Enhancements — QuickType Keyboard: The new enhanced on-screen QuickType Keyboard is designed to reduce the need to switch between other keyboards in order to type numbers, punctuation, and symbols. Each key shows a large letter (the default key) and above it is a smaller number or symbol in grey. To type the smaller character, you touch the key and without releasing, swipe down. Lower case letters can still be typed using the Shift key. This is a great time and energy saver! You can also use the Apple Pencil stylus to do this.
  • Document Scanner Mode: Notes now has a new feature that lets you scan all kinds and sizes of documents, a great way to save and track things like receipts, photos, notes, etc. The Document Scanner detects the edges of the document, straightens it up, and gives a clear, aligned scan that looks like it was scanned on a flatbed scanner. It also includes Optical Character Recognition (OCR) so you can scan hand-written text as well. Scans are saved as PDFs and can be added to Files, Dropbox, iCloud drive, printed, emailed, etc. You can also create documents, fill in the fields and sign with Apple Pencil. To scan from Notes: From inside any note, press the + symbol and select ‘Scan Document’.
  • Information Transfer: In iOS 11, you can now transfer key features (including settings, preferences, and your keychain passwords) directly between devices by pointing your old device’s camera at the new model, which displays a pattern that allows the two devices to pair with each other wirelessly and begin transferring information. Another feature of this is that you can easily share your wifi password with nearby devices, if they are also using iOS 11. Just tell your guests to tap on the network name and accept them with a tap on your personal device.
  • Hey Siri: Siri is now hands free. Many tasks can be done, even from a locked iPad, by saying ‘Hey Siri’ and then asking set reminder, set alarm, send text message and dictate content, make phone calls (‘Dial John’), launch apps, add appointments to calendar, as well as asking general information (‘What will the weather be tomorrow?’). Siri can also translate words and phrases spoken in English to French, German, Italian, Spanish and Mandarin Chinese.
  • Notes — Lines and Grids: You can select lines or grids for your note-taking pages, instead of just a blank page. There are single, double and triple-spaced configurations and small, medium and large grids to select from. You can also password your notes.
  • Other: There is now QR Code support in the camera (no third-party app required). This is an easy way to help students enter links to web sites, videos, files, etc. There is also built-in screen recording (for creating video tutorials), especially helpful for providing educational support to parents, students, etc.

iOS 11 for special needs

Since iOS 7 in 2013, iPad accessibility features have included: Switch Access for single switch and  two switch step scanning (with many additional options), VoiceOver (built-in screen reader), Zoom (screen magnification), Invert Colors (for visual impairment), Large Text display, Speak Selection, Assistive Touch (the use of single touch to enter multi-touch gestures), Touch Screen-Home Button (touch screen icon instead of having to press Home button — for those with motor difficulties), Other Touch Accommodations (Hold Duration, Ignore Repeat & Tap Assistance), Key Repeat/Sticky Keys and Slow Keys (when using a Bluetooth keyboard), Click Speed (adjust speed required to double or triple click the Home button). Guided Access (locks in one app & prevents use of Home Button to exit app) and Support for Bluetooth wireless Braille Displays.

iOS 11 brings a whole new set of Accessibility Options, adds new features to others,  and adds to that the power of the new Control Center for easier access. Some of these include:

  • Speak Selection Options — Highlight Content: When using Speak Selection, this accessibility feature highlights the individual words as the iPad is speaking and also will highlight the entire sentence at the same time. This is helpful for individuals with dyslexia and other problems with reading. You can now customise the colours for the word and sentence highlighting, allowing users to modify the reading passage for individual visual preferences.
  • Control Center and Accessibility: You can now put the following accessibility shortcuts in the Control Center for easy access and to turn them on and off as need without having to go to Settings: Guided Access, Magnifier, Text Size, and Accessibility Shortcuts (VoiceOver, Zoom and Smart Invert).
  • Type to Siri: This new feature, designed for users who may not be able to speak their questions, will let the user type their question to Siri. It also can be used by others when privacy is important. When Type to Siri is selected, users can still use speech by saying, ‘Hey, Siri’ before speaking their request. If user cannot read the answer, they can use the ‘Speak Selection’ accessibility option, highlight the selection and choose ‘speak’ to hear it spoken aloud.

New iOS accessibility features for switch users:

  • Scan same key after tap option: When selecting this option, the same key will repeat without requiring the user to scan to it again. (General→Accessibility→Switch Control→)
  • Scan Menu Options for Media Control: When scanning, the user is presented with a pop-up menu of options. With iOS11, one of the new options is the ability to use media controls from this menu. Now included are options for Play/Pause, Previous Track, Next Track, Skip Backward, Skip Forward, Rewind and Fast Forward.

For detailed information about Switch Control with iOS 11, see Ablenet and the iOS 11 Switch Control User’s Guide —

New iOS accessibility features for individuals with visual impairments:

  • Smart Invert: Previous iOS versions had Invert Colors (now called Classic Invert) which inverts all colours on the display for individuals with visual impairments. Smart Invert allows those users to now view content like images, media and some apps that use dark colour styles in their original format. Classic Invert continues to be available as an option.
  • VoiceOver Enhancements: In iOS 11, when VoiceOver is enabled, an image will automatically be scanned for any text, and the text will be read aloud. Previously, the user had to find the text themselves. In addition, iOS 11 will scan the image, analyse it and then speak aloud the items found.
  • Larger Text Enhancements: When apps are created with Dynamic Type, iOS switches fonts automatically as needed to match the users preferred text size. Choose this option in Accessibility→Larger Text. Dynamic Type has also been enhanced so that clipping and overlapping at larger text sizes is reduced. Apple is developing new standards to encourage and assist third-party app developers to implement large text enhancements in their apps and to include Dynamic Type.
  • Audio Descriptions (AD): Many movies and TV shows in the iTunes store include Audio Description (AD). Audio description is an additional narration track and consists of a narrator talking through the presentation and describing what is happening on screen. You can enable these features in Setting→General→Accessibility→Subtitles and Captioning.

There are many other new options and features that are particularly helpful for users who are blind, have low vision or who are deaf-blind. AppleVis, a community-powered website, together with input from the National Federation of the Blind’s International Braille and Technology Center, has an extremely comprehensive review of iOS 11 accessibility features for those with visual impairment. See

New iOS accessibility features for individuals with hearing impairments:

  • Mono Audio: People with hearing loss in one or both ears, may have problems using headphones, as they may miss some audio in the ear with the hearing loss. Stereo recordings usually have left and right channel audio tracks that differ from each other. iOS helps these individuals by playing both audio channels in both ears, and letting you adjust the balance, helping to enhance listening. You can enable mono audio on the iPhone and iPad by going to Settings→General→Accessibility→ Under HEARING, turn on Mono Audio and adjust the volume balance between left and right channels.
  • Closed Caption (CC) and Subtitles for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (SDH): Many movies and TV shows in the iTunes store include Closed Captioning (CC), and/or Subtitles for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (SDH). You can enable these features in Setting→General→Accessibility→Subtitles and Captioning.
  • FaceTime: We all know the importance of gesture and facial expressions in communicating — FaceTime is ideal to see those, along with the conversation. In addition, it’s an ideal way to communicate using sign language anywhere in the world.

Several accessibility options are available for the iPhone:

  • Made for iPhone hearing aids and sound processors: Apple and many hearing aid manufacturers have worked together designing and creating hearing aids and sound processors specifically for the iPhone and the iPad. These Bluetooth devices can be accessed by triple clicking the Home Button. You can check the battery status, change the left and/or right volume (together or separately) and also apply environmental preset for outdoor and noisy locations. Click here to see which Apple devices are supported and which hearing aids are compatible with your iOS device:
  • Live Listen for made for iPhone hearing aids: Live Listen is designed to help you understand speech in noisy environments. To turn on Live Listen, go to Settings→General→Accessibility→Hearing Aids. Find your hearing aid under Devices and select Start Live Listen. Put your iPhone or iPad in front of the person you want to hear. Live Listen uses the microphone to pick up what they’re saying.
  • Software TTY (for iPhone users): With iOS, you can make and receive TTY (TeleTYpewriter) phone calls without using any TTY hardware. Go to Settings→General→Accessibility→TTY and select Software RTT/TTY or, if you are connecting to an external TTY device, select Hardware TTY. Transcripts are saved in the call history of the phone app. There is also a special keyboard that includes shortcut keys for common TTY prompts (i.e. GA). Also, for iPhone only, there are Visible and Vibrating alerts for incoming phone and Face Time calls, new text messages, new mail and calendar events.

Options for Enhanced Listening on the iPad Pro (and other iOS devices)

The iPad Pro has four built-in stereo speakers, two on the top and two on the bottom, that provide well-balanced and good quality free-field sound. However, there are often times when users need (or prefer) to listen to their iPad in privacy — especially in the classroom, at work and in public places. There are many solutions for this.

The iPad Pro has a headphone jack on the top left-hand side. It can be used with any earphones/headphones that have a 1/8-inch (3.5-mm) plug. In addition, many new wired earphones now have a Lightning connector which can be plugged into the Lightning port. (You can also use the Apple Lightning to 3.5 mm headphone jack adapter for your earphones with the 1/8 inch plug if you want to use the Lightning port.) The iPad Pro has Bluetooth capabilities, so any Bluetooth earphones or headphones will also work.

There are many different kinds of earphones: some go in the ear, forming a tight seal and keeping most ambient sounds out, while others (called earbuds) rest outside the ear canal and let you hear outside noises and don’t isolate you from environmental sounds. There are traditional headphones that are worn over the ear, and listening devices that are worn around the neck. All of these can be wired or wireless. Wires can be traditional Y cord, single cord, and some wireless also have a cord or collar that goes around the back of the neck for stability.

Technical options users can explore when considering the best listening choice for themselves include sound quality, access to controls, comfort, special use (i.e. during physical activity, in extreme weather, etc.), battery time, range from connected device, ease and consistency of pairing, multi-device usage, microphone quality, private vs public listening, latency, ability to customise, monaural vs binaural use, loss risk, ease of storage, durability, price and more.

Here are just a few examples of some popular earphones, headphones and soundwear with a variety of these and other options.  Because personal choice is such an important factor, readers are encouraged to research, explore and try different earphones before purchase to match these preferences. All the following earphones have consistently good sound quality. However, no technical sound qualities (i.e., bass, treble, frequency range, dynamic range, etc.) were evaluated and compared:

Apple EarPods with lightning connector or with 3.5mm headphone jack: (

  • Designed by Apple, these two pairs of earbuds are identical, except for the connectors — one goes into the headphone jack and the other plugs into the lightning connector. They rest outside the ear canal and let you hear outside noises and don’t isolate you from the environment. The cable is a traditional Y-cord design. The speakers inside the EarPods are engineered to maximise sound output and minimise sound loss. Sound quality is good. These earphones also include a built-in remote that lets you adjust the volume, control the playback of music and video, and answer or end calls with a pinch of the cord. The microphone is supported by all models of the iPad. Because they connect through the lightning port or headphone jack, they don’t require pairing and never need to be charged.

Apple AirPods.

  • Apple AirPods: ( These innovative Bluetooth earpieces from Apple are lightweight and wireless, easy to get in and out of your ears and very comfortable to wear. The ear pieces rest outside the ear canal and allow you to hear outside noises so that you are not isolated from the environment. Sound quality is good for music, movies, ebooks, podcasts, phone, etc. They also work well while using speech feedback with word processing as well as VoiceOver and Speak Selection — and since the sound goes directly to the ear canal, it cannot be heard by others nearby. With iOS 10 or later, AirPods pair with multiple devices automatically (i.e., iPad, iPhone, Apple Watch, Mac). They can be used with one or both ears and since they have a microphone in each one, you will have a microphone even if you are using only one. The microphone is designed to filter out external noise and focus on the sound of your voice, helping with phone use as well as with using Speech Recognition. The AirPods have a battery life of about five hours, and the case that comes with them, has an additional 24 hours when fully charged (a lightning charging cable is included). Wherever you are, and without any cables, you can place the AirPods in the charged case for 15 minutes and you’ll have three more hours of listening time (to check the battery, hold the AirPods next to your iPad and it will automatically tell you how much battery you have left or ask Siri how the battery is, or check the battery widget). When the AirPod battery charge is low, you hear a tone in one or both AirPods, and a second tone right before the AirPods turn off. The AirPod range is not specified but this reviewer was amazed to find that at 100 feet away from the device they were still sounding loud and clear. When a call comes in, Siri can announce it — a simple double-tap will answer, hang up, or switch to another call. You can also double-tap to activate Siri to place calls, turn music on, change music volume and get directions, along with anything else that Siri can do (you can set the option you want for each earpiece — Siri, Play/Pause, Next Track, Previous Track or Off). When you have Automatic Ear Detection on in the Settings, the AirPods sense when they are in your ear and they pause playback when you remove one or both. This is an option that you can control.

(If you are concerned about losing the AirPods, or would like to be able to take them off and have them stay around your neck, there are several companies that sell AirPod straps. Just search for AirPod accessories).

Bose SoundSport Bluetooth wireless headphones: (

Bose SoundSport Wireless HeadPhones.

These wireless Bluetooth earbuds are connected with a 21½-inch cable that goes around the back of the neck, making it easy to take on and off without concern for losing them. There is also a removable clothing clip for additional security and comfort. The two earbuds come with three different sizes of tips that help make them more comfortable and secure for individual size ears. The tips’ shape improves audio performance and the flexible wing provides support and stability. They are sweat-resistant. Sound quality is good for both music and voice. There is an inline microphone and remote on the cable that lets you play/pause, skip songs, adjust volume, take, make and end calls, and use Siri. The earphones can be paired with two devices simultaneously so you can switch between the iPad Pro and your phone. For example, while you’re watching video on the connected iPad, the headphones will automatically pause the video to answer a call from the connected smartphone. SoundSport wireless headphones have a range of 30 feet from the source device and battery life of about six hours. A quick 15-minute charge provides approximately one hour of play time. The Bose Connect free app lets you further manage options, like switching between devices, personalising settings, easy access to battery readings, and timer. Charging is done with the included USB cable. Included also is a small round neoprene carrying case with belt hook for storing and securing the earphones when not in use.

Logitech H800 Bluetooth Wireless Headset: (

Logitech H800 Wireless Headset.

Designed for computers, smartphones and tablets, this pair of wireless over the ear headphones  delivers good quality audio, with a range of 40 feet away from connected devices, and with up to six hours of stereo sound, with a  rechargeable battery (USB charging cable is included). On the right side, the headset has a flexible noise canceling boom microphone that can be positioned for optimum voice capture and background noise reduction, when using speech and also can be tucked inside the headband so it’s out of the way when not being used. On ear controls for volume up, volume down, mute, call handling, song advance/replay and device select are located on the right ear cup, letting the user easily make adjustments to ongoing calls, and other incoming sounds.  Included is a receiver for use with the USB port on the computer as well as the ability to use on any Bluetooth enabled device (the USB receiver can be stored inside the left ear cup when not being used). The adjustable padded headband and foam ear cups are comfortable, and when not being used, the headset folds up easily providing portability. Compatible with Windows and Mac OS and iOS, pairing is quick and reliable. These headphones offer a good combination of quality, functionality and organisational features.

Bose SoundWear companion speaker: (

Bose SoundWear Companion Speaker.

This flexible and wearable neckband Bluetooth speaker is both hands free and ears free. It rests on your shoulders, conforms to your neck, and has sound that you can hear, while still maintaining full contact with the environment. The speaker is 7.5” H by 7” W by 1.75” D and weighs 9.4 oz (266 grams). It comes with a zipped cover that is leather on the side resting on the shoulders and mesh on the other side. There is a speaker on each side, and in addition, the right-hand side has three buttons: one controls volume up, a second controls volume down and mute/unmute and a third controls playing music (play/pause, skip forward/backward, fast forward/rewind) and phone calls (answer/end phone call, switch between calls, etc.), and also can be used to activate Siri.

The left side has power on/off and a Bluetooth connector for charging. Battery charging takes up to three hours, with a quick 15-minute charge that gives you up to three hours play time. Bluetooth range is up to 30 feet. The speaker has a microphone for calls (when connected to a smartphone that supports the Bluetooth HFP profile) and also supports Skype and Facetime. Multi-point technology allows it to maintain a connection to two devices at the same time (i.e., iPad and smartphone). If a call comes through while you are watching video on the iPad, the speaker will automatically pause the video to answer the call. There are also vibrations for incoming calls. With the Bose Connect App, you can control Bluetooth connections, manage bass adjustment, and personalise settings.

The speaker also is updated periodically and this is accomplished through the app. The sound is good for listening to music, listening to podcasts and ebooks, and talking on the phone. Because it is a body-worn speaker (and not earphones), the sound can be heard by others nearby. This design provides options for those with special needs who might not be able to use earphones or for those with motor limitations, who might benefit from the features for phone, video, and audio access. Others individuals who might live or work alone, or who do not need privacy but can benefit from additional sound to help attention and focus might find this a new, unique and comfortable way to enjoy listening and to access special features such as a talking word processor, Speak Selection, Audio Descriptions and VoiceOver.

This article, in general, is meant as an introduction and overview to the iPad Pro, to some new features of iOS 11 and to Listening options.  For further information on how to access the special features and use them together with the iPad, see the links, visit YouTube or ask Siri for more information.


About Contributors

Joan Tanenhaus, MA, CCC, speech-language pathologist/assistive technology specialist, is Founder and Executive Director of Technology for Language and Learning, Inc., a non-profit organisation dedicated to advancing the use of computers and technology with children and adults with special needs. (e-mail:

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